Since the ouster of the Islamic Courts militants in Mogadishu, al-Shabaab terrorist power has emerged in Somalia. For more than 14 years, the biggest threat in Somalia has been Al Shabaab. This extremist group has had a significant impact on Somali governance, economy, believes and the general stability.
Al Shabaab is automatically expelled from the Somali capital Mogadishu between 2010-2011 during Sheik Sharif government. Since then they have set up secret bases in the capital and in all cities in southern Somalia. They carried out a series of bombings, most notably the October 14th bombing at the Sobe intersection.
There are many countries that are accused of being involved in the existence and power of al-Shabaab such as Qatar. Some say other major countries are funding al-Shabaab to weaken the Somalia’s central government. Al-Shabaab is the enemy of every Somali and anyone who supports the Somali people.
They kill people, they blow up government buildings, they kidnap, they blow up donor agencies and foreigners who run projects in the country. In the middle of this year, they killed two Turkish workers who were carrying out a road construction project from Afgoye to Mogadishu.
Meanwhile, some of Somali government officials are rumored to be involved in Al-Shabaab, some of whom are members of Al-Shabaab. There have been several rumors that the bombings were facilitated by government servants, officials and politicians. It is somehow controversial subject.
Many countries, first US caries military activities in Somalia in order to support the process of eliminating al-Shabab from the country. They have repeatedly carried out airstrike’s and killed key members. Al-Shabaab regularly attacks, officials, hotels and public speakers.
On August 16, al-Shabaab carried out an attack on one of the most modern hotels, killing more than 10 people and wounding 20 others, raising suspicions how they had entered such a high-security hotel. This suspicion points to the governments mentioned above.
Qatar is believed to be paying al-Shabaab to harm the Somali people. Although the central government defeated the emirate inSomalia, it still pays for regional state leaders. Qatar has a direct relationship with the central government, as well as some reports of funding al-Shabaab.
There have been a number of weapons and military vehicles provided by Qatar fell into the hands of Alshabab, questioning the Qatar’s role in Somalia. This casts doubt on the president’s ability to be part of al-Shabaab’s plan in Somalia. It is known that the Turkish government is assisting Somalia militarily, and there is still no information on its role in terrorism in Somalia.
The latest incident in which U.S. military personnel were attacked has not yet been directly addressed by the federal government. The government’s common policy is to fight al-Shabaab, but there are often suspicions that Farmajo’s government officials involved some of al-Shabaab operations in Somalia. Opposition parties, meanwhile, have repeatedly accused the president of failing to address terrorism in Somalia. Because terrorism does not save a single person, it is a target for foreigners.
As bombing and explosions happen here in Somalia many countries issue red cautionary to warn their citizens based in Somalia. They warn their citizens not to travel to Somalia for security reasons. The United States have repeatedly given the red flag to its citizens to ensure their safety, such as in 2016 and 2017. This has a direct impact on US personnels and other development efforts in Somalia. All of these factors hinder the progress of the federal government.