The registers for the prevention of terrorist radicalization in France include over 8,000 people (8,132). The Minister of the Interior, Gerald Darmanin, announced last week. In a visit to the headquarters of the Directorate-General for Internal Security, Darmanin stressed that the terrorist threat remains extremely high in the French territory.
“The terrorist risk of Sunni origin remains the main threat that our country is facing,” he specified.Two days before the opening of the trial for the Charlie Hebdo and Hyper Cacher attacks in January 2015, the Interior Minister assured that the fight against Islamist terrorism is an absolute priority for the government of Emmanuel Macron. “We will wage a relentless struggle. We will never stop tracking down these enemies of the Republic relentlessly”, he assured.
The one that opened against the alleged accomplices in the attacks on the French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo and the Hyper Cacher supermarket is the first trial for terrorism-related facts broadcasted live in France. The trial, which began on Wednesday 2 September, and which is held in a specially set up Court of Assizes in Paris until 10 November, is an event of exceptional importance for France.
For the first time, cameras can access a courtroom in the context of a terrorism trial. The defendants are 14, accused of complicity in the January 2015 attacks in the French capital.
The National Anti-Terrorism Prosecutor’s Office presented a specific request to the First President of the Paris Court of Appeal, Jean-Michel Hayat, the only one who could authorize the shooting.In an order issued on June 30, Hayat gave a positive opinion, thus justifying his decision: the repercussions and the emotion that they generated the attacks have crossed our borders.
They have profoundly marked the history of national and international terrorism. On its website, the Ministry of Justice specifies that hearings can be recorded when “of interest for the establishment of historical archives of justice.” The objective for the judicial authorities is to preserve the memory of the atrocities committed and, for researchers, to have images available to carry out scientific research.
In November 2017, the new anti-terrorism law, number 1510, strongly supported by President Emmanuel Macron to replace the state of emergency, came into force in France. This emergency regime was proclaimed by its former Francois Hollande in November 2015, after the Paris attacks, and was extended by parliament five times, remaining in force for almost two years.L’étatd’urgence is governed by Law 385 of April 3, 1955.
From November 14, 2015 to September 22, 2017, thanks to special powers, 4569 administrative house searches were carried out, which led to the opening of 690 judicial proceedings, of which 21 for condoning terrorism and 4 for association with the purpose of terrorism. In 2017, various activists and experts warned against “normalizing” emergency powers with permanent provisions.