In the past two days, strong, official and semi-official American statements have been made about the necessity of Qatar’s cooperation in efforts to stop the financing of terrorism, especially in hotbeds of tension such as Syria, Iraq, and Yemen.
The past two weeks have witnessed the issuance of reports and seminars on combating the financing of terrorism, as part of the international effort to combat it by drying its sources, in parallel with security and military campaigns targeting terrorist groups.
And Qatar signed with the countries of the region, under American sponsorship, the “Jeddah Document” in mid-September 2014, in which everyone pledged to double the effort to stop financing terrorism, not to tolerate fundraising operations for terrorist and extremist organizations, and to bring those responsible to justice.
Since the days of former Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, American officials have complained about Qatar’s lack of cooperation in the fight against terrorist financing, as former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in a note in 2009, when she described Qatar’s cooperation in the area of countering terrorism as “the worst in Region”.
At the end of December 2014, the UN Security Council unanimously approved a draft resolution to prevent facilitating the movement of foreign fighters and financing terrorism, and the resolution was issued under a “Chapter Seven” authorizing force intervention to enforce it.
Many reports by the US State Department, the Treasury Department, and centers and institutes such as the Sanctions and Secret Funding Center and the Democracy Support Foundation, conclude that Qatar is the largest country in the region turning a blind eye to funding for extremist and terrorist groups.
Although there are Qatari laws criminalizing these practices, they are rarely enforced, and only when Americans ask for this.
These groups freely raise funds, and donation ads appear with Qatari institution numbers and account numbers in Qatari banks.
The Foundation for the Support of Democracy has published a study in 3 parts entitled “Qatar and the Financing of Terrorism”, the first part of which was devoted to two decades (the last of the last century and the first of the current century), and the second for the period of the new emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad’s accession from 2013 to January this year, which is The date of the report.
According to the report: “Washington believes that leaders of al-Qaeda received support from Qatari donors or residents in Qatar, in addition to al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (active in Yemen and Saudi Arabia), al-Shabab (Somalia), and al-Qaeda in the Indian subcontinent and al-Qaeda in Iraq (which became ISIS. “
The study highlights a number of models for Qataris who are clearly working in terrorist financing.
All reports link Qatar’s support for the Brotherhood, extremist organizations, and terrorist groups to the beginning of the former emir’s rule-following his white coup against his father in the mid-1990s.
All the names mentioned in the official American reports and the studies of the research centers are classified as terrorists, either American or international (the United Nations), and they are subject to international and American sanctions.
When Washington pressed Doha, it arrested the Qatari citizen, Khalifa Muhammad Turki Al-Subaie, for only six months, then released him despite his American classification and the sanctions.
Al-Subaie provided financial support to Pakistani Sheikh Mohammed, an al Qaeda leader in 2008, according to the British newspaper The Telegraph, which quoted anti-terrorism financing documents for the US Treasury.
Al-Subaie was working for the Qatari Central Bank, and he returned to “finance terrorist groups” fighting in Syria and Iraq.
The documents showed the US Treasury Department that there are links between him and a terrorist financier accused of providing financing to a group affiliated with Al Qaeda, which was planning to blow up aircraft using bombs manufactured in the form of toothpaste packages.
There is also, according to the US Treasury Department, Salim Hassan Khalifa Rashid Al-Kuwari, 37, who is accused of transferring hundreds of thousands of dollars to Al-Qaeda through a terrorist network.
The American documents accuse Al-Kuwari of working with another Qatari named Abdullah Ghanem Al-Khawar, 33, with a financing network, and indicates that the latter worked to facilitate the movement of terrorist elements, and even contributed to the release of al-Qaeda in Iran.
Both also facilitated travel to extremists wishing to travel to Afghanistan to fight there.
Other names on the blacklist in the United States and the United Nations are Abdul Rahman bin Omair Al-Nuaimi, who is accused of transferring 1.5 million dollars a month to al-Qaeda militants in Iraq, and 375,000 pounds for a Syrian base.
And the “Telegraph” reported that Al-Kuwari worked in the Qatari Ministry of Interior at the time of its minister, Sheikh Abdullah bin Khalid Al Thani, whose name was mentioned in the report of the American 9/11 attacks as facilitating the escape of Sheikh Mohammed who was residing in Qatar.
Also among the names is Abdulaziz bin Khalifa Al-Attiyah, a cousin of the former Qatari foreign minister, who had previously been convicted in a Lebanese court of financing international terrorist organizations, and that he was linked to leaders of al-Qaeda.
The court issued its ruling on Al-Attiyah in absentia, “as the Lebanese authorities released him days after his arrest in May 2012, as a result of pressure from the Qatari government that threatened to deport thousands of Lebanese from its lands,” according to press reports.
Lebanese media reported at the time that Al-Attiyah met in May 2012 with Omar Al-Qatari and Shadi Al-Mawlawi, two leading elements in Al-Qaeda, and gave them thousands of dollars.
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