The self-proclaimed Islamic State (Isis) claimed the responsibility for the recent attack on a funeral procession in Jalalabad, in Afghanistan, which resulted in dozens of victims. Another strike targeted, on Tuesday, the maternity ward of a hospital in Kabul, killing 24 people and injuring 16. The international organization, Doctors Without Borders, manage the clinic. The local media reported that 2 infants and 11 between mothers and nurses were among the victims. The United Nations, the European Union, NATO, and the United States strongly condemned the incident.
The recent attacks further destabilize the country already exhausted by years of conflict and the current health emergency of COVID-19.According to experts, ISIS action in Afghanistan could undermine the dialogue between the Kabul government and the Taliban.ISIS has been present in Afghanistan for years. The Khorasan province of the Islamic State, one of the most important and historical regions of Daesh, serves as an important base in its relocation plan.
“All this led us to say that the claims are reliable.”The Italian professor Marco Lombardi of the Catholic University said, underlining how these attacks aim to undermine peace agreements.In the last 30 days, two leaders of the terrorist organization have been arrested in the Province of Khorasan. Therefore, the attacks represent an important reaffirmation of its existence for Daesh in Afghanistan.
The US peace envoy for Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, in the early hours of Friday, confirmed in a tweet that the US has assessed that Daesh is the perpetrator of the recent attacks in Kabul and Nangarhar, and that the group opposes the peace deal between the Afghan government and the Taliban. He called on Afghans to not fall into Daesh’s trap by letting the events further disrupt reconciliation efforts between the Afghan government and the Taliban.
Daesh has demonstrated a pattern for favouring these types of heinous attacks against civilians, he tweeted.Khalilzad said that Daesh opposes a peace agreement between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Taliban and seeks to encourage sectarian war as in Iraq and Syria.He added that rather than falling into Daesh’s trap by delaying peace or creating obstacles, Afghans must come together to crush this menace and pursue a historic peace opportunity, and there should be no more excuses.
The Afghan forces (ANDSF) were in defense mode since late February when the Taliban agreed to reduce violence in change for signing a peace agreement with the United States. But the Taliban attacks dramatically grew after they reached the deal. The Taliban responded, in a statement released on Wednesday, blaming the Afghan government for prolonging the violence. They said that if the ANDSF increases the attacks, then the Taliban should not be blamed for an escalation of violence, while the Taliban said Ghani wants to continue his rule by prolonging the war.
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