When the summer begins in the Middle East, environmental terrorism continues to shoot, dig and land many countries, including Israel, Syria, and Iraq.
When Saddam Hussein ordered the withdrawal of troops to Iraq during the First Gulf War in 1991, more than 700 Kuwaiti oil wells exploded, and the flames burned uncontrollably for eight months until a multinational fire-fighting coalition extinguished them. George H.W. Bush called the fire and the accompanying oil spills “environmental terrorism.
Therefore, despite its popular popularity, the tactic is not new. It’s sad to say that environmental damage or sabotage is as old as the war itself, Stef said Stefan Smith, senior program management officer for the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP).
According to article 54 of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on international humanitarian law, saldır attacking, destroying, abolishing or rendering useless objects indispensable for the survival of the civilian population ”is prohibited. “This marked the recent and ongoing conflict in the MENA region, Doug said Doug Weir, research and policy director at the UK-based Conflict and Environmental Observatory (COEBS).
Israel has faced provocative kites and balloons launched from the neighboring Gaza Strip for more than a year. The Palestinian tactics in the coastal settlement caused hundreds of fires in the south of the Jewish state.
On Tuesday, in response to the renewed attacks, Israel’s Coordinator of Government Activities in the Regions (COGAT) announced that it had blocked fuel delivery until it reported more to Gaza. Qatar was part of the 2018 ceasefire agreement between Israel and Hamas, the Islamist rulers of the settlement.
On Wednesday, 19 fires broke out in southern Israel, allegedly due to flammable devices. An interactive map from the Jewish national fund shows that to date there have been 1,124 fires burning 11,036 dunams (roughly 2,700 acres).
Farmers in the provinces of Diyala, Kirkuk, Nineveh, and Salahuddin in Iraq are fighting fires allegedly initiated by the Islamic State, which is claimed to be responsible for the burning of crops in some areas. However, some have also committed crimes against local militias.
Wheat and barley crops are more worrying for Iraq’s “bread bucket” Nineveh and Salahuddin, as it accounts for more than a third of the country’s production. Moreover, Iraq provides employment and income for more than 60 percent of the population of northwest Iraq, according to a report by the Iraqi American Sulaimani Institute for Regional and International Studies(IRIS).
Similarly, in northern Syria, a series of fires, some alleged to have been initiated by the ISIS and others by the Syrian government and Russian allies, destroyed the crops.“[Fires] affected food safety, but they killed many people because the firemen mobilized the natives to stop them.
Firefighters, due to restrictions from Turkey [also] do not have any equipment to assist in the spreading of flames, “he said. Dutch NGO PAX researcher Wim Zwijnenburg to The Media Line. Estimates indicate that tens of thousands of acres have been destroyed in northern Iraq and Syria.
Iraqi government officials claim that most of the flames were accidentally triggered, such as ignored cigarette butts or faulty agricultural machinery. However, Zwijnenburg said it was unlikely.“Accidents cannot explain the large increase and scale. There is a clear intention behind this. The challenge is to identify a single criminal. ”Last month ISIS wrote in the newspaper Al-Naba, referring to Muslims who did not subscribe to the comment that “rejection and the prisoners’ pockets, as well as their hearts, will be a hot summer.
Indeed, the region lives in record-breaking hot and dry weather. The average daily temperature in Baghdad this month was 48 degrees Celsius (119 degrees Fahrenheit). During a heat wave in May, similar temperatures were observed in some parts of Israel.
According to Arnaud Trouvé, a professor of fire protection engineering at the University of Maryland, the air has a significant impact on how quickly a fire spreads.
In the worst scenarios, as in high wind and dry and hot conditions, fire can spread faster than the speed of a working person (about 6.7 miles), ”he said.
In addition, this winter’s record rainfall has led to increased vegetation, and therefore there is more biomass to burn, which literally burns fire, COEBS said Weir.
“Environmental conditions have been particularly helpful in using this kind of tactic,” he said.
Another issue is the absence of natural boundaries in a landscape created by agriculture, and allowing the spread of harmful by-products of flames. According to Trouvé, smoke from fire includes reduced oxygen levels, toxic products (eg, carbon monoxide) and environmental pollutants (eg, carbon dioxide) from time to time to lethal levels.
The evolution of the feather during a fire incident is a major concern and is concerned about a plum that affects soil and forces people to evacuate in densely populated areas, ”he said.
Despite the environmental degradation and its impact on nearby communities, CEIRS Weir said that the nature of the present conflict makes it possible for us to see more ”environmental terrorism in the coming years.